What is Appendix Surgery?

An appendectomy is a surgical procedure to removes the appendix. It’s a joint surgery to treat appendicitis, an inflammatory condition of the appendix.

The appendix is a tube-shaped part attached to the large intestine, the lower side of the abdomen. The primary function of the appendix is still unknown. However, it is thought to play its role in treating inflammation, diarrhea and some large and small intestines infections.

When the infection becomes severe, the appendix may be swollen, causing the bacteria to multiply inside the appendix, causing pain, especially while walking or coughing. If the condition remains untreated, the appendix burst, causing the spread of bacteria into the abdominal cavity, which can be life-threatening.

Appendectomy is the primary treatment for appendicitis. It’s incredibly crucial to remove the appendix before it gets ruptures.

WHY is an APPENDECTOMY performed?

An appendectomy is generally done to remove the inflamed, swollen appendix.

The appendix’s opening may become clogged with bacteria and stool, causing the appendix to get swell.

Therefore, appendix surgery is the easiest and quickest way to treat appendicitis. It would help if you considered a qualified surgeon to have this procedure before the appendix burst as it may lead to several other problems like peritonitis.

Types Of Appendix Surgery

There are two types of appendix surgery to remove it. The standard method is an open appendectomy is a traditional method, but there’s another less invasive method, laparoscopic appendectomy.

Open appendectomy usually involves an incision of about 2 to 4 inches in the lower right-hand side of your belly or abdomen. The abdominal muscles will separate, and the abdominal area will get open. Through the stitches, the appendix will be tied off.

In case of the appendix’s bursting, the surgeon and the team will wash the abdominal area with saline water. This abdominal muscles lining will be closed using stitches, the tube is attached within the incision to drain the fluid.  The appendix is then taken out through the incision.

Laparoscopic appendectomy this method is comparatively less invasive. Instead of making tiny cuts, a long, thin tube, laparoscope with a video camera and surgical tools is put into one of the incisions. It has a small video camera and surgical instruments. The surgeon will remove the appendix through one of the incisions by looking inside the abdomen through the monitor. 

You can also have an open appendectomy with laparoscopic surgery if required. Laparoscopic surgery offers less pain and scarring as compared to open appendectomy.

Are There Any Risks Associated With Laparoscopy?

The complications are rare; the most common risks associated with laparoscopy are infection, bleeding, and damage to the abdomen’s organs. 

You should consult a doctor if you ever face fevers, abdominal pain, redness and swelling after the procedure.

You can continue all normal activities after a week. But make sure to attend a follow-up appointment with your doctor after every two weeks after laparoscopy.