Gall Bladder Surgery
What is Gall Bladder Surgery?
A cholecystectomy or gall bladder is a surgical procedure to remove your gallbladder. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that collects and stores bile.
A cholecystectomy is one of the common surgeries done by inserting a tiny camera and some surgical tools through small incisions. On the other hand, open cholecystectomy involves a large incision to remove the gall bladder.
Why is it done?
A cholecystectomy is mostly performed to treat gallstones and related complications. A cholecystectomy is often done to treat cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis, pancreatitis due to gall stones, cholecystitis, and large gallbladder polyps
How you prepare?
You will need some tests and examinations to make sure that you are healthy to have this procedure. The surgeon will ask you to eat or drink nothing the night before the surgery or at least a few hours before the surgery.
Avoid taking certain medications and supplements which increase the chance of bleeding. The surgeon will recommend you to have a shower using a unique, antibacterial soap.
What happens before the procedure?
A cholecystectomy involves general anesthesia usually given through a vein in the arm. After this, the team will insert a tube down the throat that will help you breathe. The surgeon will perform cholecystectomy either by a laparoscopic or open procedure.
During the procedure depending on the intensity of your situation, your surgeon will recommend either of two surgical approaches:
1) Laparoscopic cholecystectomy:
It is a minimally invasive procedure during which the surgeon will make four small incisions in the abdomen. A tiny camera is inserted over there through anyone of the incision. While focusing on the video monitor, the surgeon will insert the surgical tools in the abdomen through other incisions to remove the gall bladder. After that, imaging testing is done sometimes. The incisions are then closed by sutures. The entire procedure takes about one or two hours.
A laparoscopic technique is not suitable for everyone sometimes, and it is better to have another approach.
2) Traditional or open cholecystectomy
The surgeon makes about a 6-inch incision in the abdomen below the ribs on the right side during this. The muscle and tissue are then pulled to reveal the liver and gallbladder. The surgeon then removes the gallbladder. It takes about one or two hours to complete this procedure. The incisions are closed before taking you to the recovery area.
After the procedure?
You’ll be taken to a recovery area after the procedure as soon as the anesthetic effect wears off. Recovery varies depending on your procedure and the person’s health condition.
If you have a laparoscopic procedure, then you can go home the same day after the surgery. In some cases, people need a hospital stay. You can continue eating or drink the same as before without any pain. You can walk easily; it will take a week to get fully recover.
While the patients who have open cholecystectomy have to stay for about two or three days in the hospital recovery room, the incisions are large, requiring four to six weeks to get healed.