Pancreatic Surgery

What is Pancreatic Surgery?

Pancreas surgery is the set of processes used to treat various pancreatic problems like acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer.

Cholecystectomy is used to treat acute and chronic pancreatitis, which involves the surgical removal of the gallbladder.

Whipple procedure, distal and total pancreatectomy, and biliary diversion are the surgical process to treat pancreatic cancer. 

Why would you have Pancreas Surgery?

If you are a patient of acute or chronic pancreatitis or painful gallstones, the surgeon will recommend removing the gallbladder.

If you are a pancreatic cancer patient, the surgeon will recommend surgery depending upon cancer’s nature.

What does it involve?

A cholecystectomy o treat gall stones can be performed either by a laparoscopic procedure or an open surgery.

Several small incisions follow the laparoscopic procedure in the abdomen, and with the help of special instruments, the gall bladder is removed. It is a less invasive procedure that offers a lesser recovery time.

In open surgery, the surgeon will make one large incision in the abdominal area intended to remove the gallbladder.

To treat pancreatic cancer, the following surgeries are carried out:

Whipple procedure

The pancreatic head is removed in this procedure by removing a part f the small intestine, bile duct, which may or may not the entire gall bladder. The remaining bile duct and pancreas is then connected to the small intestine. The release of pancreatic enzymes and hormones will be in a regular manner.

Distal pancreatectomy

In this, the surgeon tends to remove the body and tail of the pancreas. Sometimes the spleen, some part of the stomach, left adrenal gland is also removed. This is a comparatively long procedure.

Total pancreatectomy

in this entire pancreas is removed, depending upon the location of pancreatic cancer, this is the best procedure. The gallbladder, spleen, nearby lymph nodes, bile duct, and some parts of the small intestine and the stomach are also removed. After removing the entire pancreas, it is always recommended to take certain enzymes that aids in digestion.

Post-operative care

If you have had laparoscopic surgery, the recovery time is not so long, following the hospital discharge usually the next day. After two weeks from the surgery, patients typically return to their routines.

If you have had open surgery, then recovery is comparatively longer. A hospital stay of three to five days and a six to eight week is the approximate recovery period.

After pancreatic cancer surgery, you will be kept in the intensive care unit before being taken to the ward. Several drips and drains will be used to drain fluids, measure blood pressure, manage the pain, and keep you hydrated.