THYROID SURGERY

What is Thyroid Surgery?

Thyroid surgery is also referred to as thyroidectomy. Thyroidectomy is the surgery to remove a part of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland present at the base of the neck. It releases hormones that regulate the metabolism of the body.

Thyroid surgery is used to treat disorders of the thyroid, which include cancer, goiter (enlargement thyroid), and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)

When will an individual Undergo Thyroidectomy?

An individual is more likely to have thyroidectomy if:

  • The part of a lobe of the thyroid gland may become cancerous.
  • The nodule or the entire gland is swollen and induces harmful signs, including difficulty swallowing and breathing (goiter)
  • Individual with an overactive thyroid that results in excessive production of thyroxin(hyperthyroidism)

What is the procedure of thyroid surgery?

Thyroidectomy is done under anesthesia. When you are unconscious, the doctor will make an incision into the thyroid gland. The whole or half of the gland is removed, depending on the underlying cause for the treatment.

Thyroidectomy is done under anesthesia. When you are unconscious, the doctor will make an incision into the thyroid gland. The whole or half of the gland is removed, depending on the underlying cause for the treatment.

Thyroidectomy typically takes between one and two hours. It can require more or less time, based on the severity of the necessary operation.

What are the types of thyroidectomy?

There are a few forms of thyroid reduction surgery available. After examining several aspects, such as the state of the thyroid gland and an individual’s general condition, a doctor will prescribe a type.

Following are the types of thyroid replacement surgery:

  • Hemi thyroidectomy:

This procedure involves the removal of a part of a lobe from the thyroid gland. The doctor advised this surgery when thyroid cancer is confined to one side of a thyroid gland.

  • Total thyroidectomy:

Total thyroidectomy involves the complete reduction of thyroid glands. This surgery is necessary when the entire thyroid gland is affected. Some disorders such as cancerous thyroid and severe disease need total thyroid removal.

  • Subtotal thyroidectomy:

The removal of many parts of the thyroid gland thus, subtotal thyroidectomy is usually not used for thyroid cancer therapy, but only for the reduction of an enlarged thyroid gland without cancer (goiter).

What are the risk factors of Thyroid Surgery?

Thyroid removal surgery is usually a safe treatment. However, just like any treatment, it has a risk of side effects.

Some risk factors of thyroidectomy include:

  • Bleeding, which may obstruct airways, 
  • Infection, 
  • Damaged nerves may cause a permanently low voice.